Hadoop集群配置详细版

之前配置Hadoop的很多步骤不太详细,配置文件的许多优化点也没太搞清楚,重新写一下。

2012.06.22更新:Hadoop版本兼容到1.0.3。

0、ssh免密码登录

ssh-keygen -t rsa -P ""
cat $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa.pub >> $HOME/.ssh/authorized_keys
echo "StrictHostKeyChecking no" >> ~/.ssh/config

1、安装JDK7

#下载 && 解压缩 && 安装
wget http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u2-b13/jdk-7u2-linux-i586.tar.gz
tar -xzf jdk-7u2-linux-i586.tar.gz
mv ./jdk1.7.0_02 ~/jdk

#配置JAVA_HOME环境变量
vim ~/.bashrc
export JAVA_HOME=/home/hadoop/jdk/
export JAVA_BIN=/home/hadoop/jdk/bin
export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH
export CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/lib/dt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar

2、安装Hadoop(0.23.0)

#安装解压缩Hadoop
wget http://labs.mop.com/apache-mirror/hadoop/common/hadoop-1.0.3/hadoop-1.0.3-bin.tar.gz
tar -xzvf hadoop-1.0.3-bin.tar.gz
mv ./hadoop-1.0.3 ~/hadoop_home

#创建运行时目录
cd ~/hadoop_home
mkdir var
cd var
mkdir tmp mapred hdfs
cd hdfs
mkdir name data

#导出Java_HOME
cd ~/hadoop_home/conf/
vim ./hadoop-env.sh
export JAVA_HOME=/home/hadoop/jdk/

更新:注意权限,新版本中,所有HDFS目录权限务必是755,不能是775。

chmod 755 data name

3、准备环境变量

主要是HADOOP_HOME,在1.0之后,还要这个参数

export HADOOP_HOME=/home/hadoop/hadoop_home/
export HADOOP_HOME_WARN_SUPPRESS=1

4、配置hosts(Linux和Hadoop)

#配置每个结点上的hosts文件
sudo vim /etc/hosts
#Hosts for hadoop
10.70.0.101 hadoop1
10.70.0.102 hadoop2
......

#配置masters和slaves
vim ~/hadoop_home/conf
vim masters
hadoop1
vim slaves
hadoop1
hadoop2
......

5、配置文件:

参数详细配置参考:http://hadoop.apache.org/common/docs/current/cluster_setup.html

core-site.xml

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="configuration.xsl"?>
<configuration>
<property>
  <name>fs.default.name</name>
  <value>hdfs://hadoop1:54310</value>
</property>
<property>
  <name>hadoop.tmp.dir</name>
  <value>/home/hadoop/hadoop_home/var/tmp</value>
</property>
<!--Following use more memory but speed up more  -->
<property>
  <name>fs.inmemory.size.mb</name>
  <value>200</value>
</property>
<property>
  <name>io.sort.factor</name>
  <value>100</value>
</property>
<property>
  <name>io.sort.mb</name>
  <value>200</value>
</property>
</configuration>

hdfs-site.xml

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="configuration.xsl"?>
<configuration>
<property>
  <name>dfs.replication</name>
  <value>3</value>
</property>
<property>
  <name>dfs.data.dir</name>
  <value>/home/hadoop/hadoop_home/var/hdfs/data</value>
</property>
<property>
  <name>dfs.name.dir</name>
  <value>/home/hadoop/hadoop_home/var/hdfs/name</value>
</property>
<!--Here is 128MB !! -->
<property>
  <name>dfs.block.size</name>
  <value>134217728</value>
</property>
<!--Parrel RPC Handler for namenode-->
<property>
    <name>dfs.namenode.handler.count</name>
    <value>40</value>
</property>
</configuration>

mapred-site.xml

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="configuration.xsl"?>
<configuration>
<property>
  <name>mapred.job.tracker</name>
  <value>hadoop1:54311</value>
</property>
<property>
    <name>mapred.reduce.parallel.copies</name>
    <value>20</value>
</property>
<property>
  <name>mapred.local.dir</name>
  <value>/home/hadoop/hadoop_home/var/mapred</value>
</property>
<property>
  <name>mapred.tasktracker.map.tasks.maximum</name>
  <value>12</value>
</property>
<property>
  <name>mapred.tasktracker.reduce.tasks.maximum</name>
  <value>6</value>
</property>
<!--Following use more memory but speed up more  -->
<property>
  <name>mapred.map.child.java.opts</name>
  <value>-Xmx512M</value>
</property>
<property>
  <name>mapred.reduce.child.java.opts</name>
  <value>-Xmx512M</value>
</property>
</configuration>

6、格式化namenode

cd bin
./hadoop namenode -format

7、启动Hadoop

cd ~/hadoop_home/bin
./start-all.sh

#查看启动情况
jps
7532 SecondaryNameNode
7346 NameNode
7433 DataNode
7605 JobTracker
7759 Jps
7701 TaskTracker

GUI:http://localhost:50030 (集群)
GUI:http://hadoop1:50070(HDFS)

8、其他说明:

mapred.tasktracker.map.tasks.maximum 每个结点最多运行多少个map
mapred.tasktracker.reduce.tasks.maximum 每个结点最多运行多少个reduce

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.