Ubuntu 10.10上编译安装LNMP:Nginx 0.8.54+MySQL 5.1.56+PHP-FPM 5.3.6

本文记录了LNMP在Ubuntu10.10下的编译安装过程,版本如下:
Nginx 0.8.54
MySQL 5.1.56
PHP-FPM 5.3.6

1、编译安装MySQL 5.1.56

#下载
wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.1/mysql-5.1.56.tar.gz/from/http://mysql.he.net/
mv index.html mysql-5.1.56.tar.gz
tar -xzvf mysql-5.1.56.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.1.56

#安装编译环境
sudo apt-get install gcc g++ make libncurses5-dev

#配置变量
CFLAGS="-O3"
CXX=gcc
CXXFLAGS="-O3 -felide-constructors -fno-exceptions -fno-rtti"

#configure
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql --enable-assembler --with-unix-socket-path=/usr/local/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock --with-mysqld-ldflags=-all-static --with-client-ldflags=-all-static --with-extra-charsets=gb2312,gbk,utf8,latin1 --without-debug --with-charset=utf8 --with-collation=utf8_general_ci --with-pthread --enable-static --with-plugins=myisam,innobase

#make
make

#install
sudo make install

#add new user/group
sudo useradd mysql
sudo passwd

#权限
cd  /usr/local/mysql/
sudo chown -R mysql:mysql ./

#新建
su mysql
sudo ./bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
exit
sudo cp share/mysql/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf

#修改my.cnf
vim /etc/my.cnf
#添加如下行
skip-innodb
skip-external-locking

#添加到开机启动、启动服务
sudo cp share/mysql/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
sudo /etc/init.d/mysqld start
#开机启动:在RunLevel的2 3 4 5中,第15个启动mysql,在0 1 1 6中不启动mysql
sudo update-rc.d mysqld start 15 2 3 4 5 . stop 15 0 1 6 .
#关闭开机启动
sudo update-rc.d -f mysqld remove

#创建ln
sudo ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/bin/
sudo ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqldump /usr/bin/
sudo ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin /usr/bin/

#root密码 & 删除匿名帐号、测试数据库
mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password'
mysql -u root -p
mysql >> use mysql;
mysql >> delete from user where user='';
mysql >> DROP DATABASE test;
mysql >> flush privileges;

2、编译安装php-fpm

#下载
wget http://us.php.net/distributions/php-5.3.6.tar.bz2
tar -xjvf php-5.3.6.tar.bz2
cd php-5.3.6

#相关库
sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev zlib1g-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libpng12-dev libmcrypt-dev

#configure
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/etc/php --disable-cli --enable-fpm --with-fpm-user=www --with-fpm-group=www --with-config-file-path=/etc/sysconfig/php --with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/sysconfig/php --with-zlib --with-curl --with-gd --with-mhash --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --disable-pdo --disable-soap --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --without-pear

#make
make

#install
sudo make install

#user
cd /usr/local/php
useradd www
sudo chown -R www:www ./

#拷贝php配置
sudo mkdir -p /etc/php
sudo cp php.ini-production /etc/php/php.ini

#配置
sudo vim ./etc/php-fpm.conf
rlimit_files = 1048576
pm.max_children = 10
pm.start_servers = 4
pm.min_spare_servers = 2
pm.max_spare_servers = 10
pm.max_requests = 100

#运行
./sbin/php-fpm

#添加到开机启动
ln -s /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm /usr/bin/
vim /etc/rc.local
#start php-fpm at start
echo 134217728 > /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax
php-fpm

#安装APC
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/APC-3.1.6.tgz
tar -xzvf APC-3.1.6.tgz
cd APC-3.1.6
sudo apt-get install autoconf
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make
sudo make install
#编辑
vim /etc/sysconfig/php/php.ini
#修改并添加
extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626"
extension=apc.so
[apc]
apc.enabled = 1
apc.shm_segments = 2
apc.shm_size = 48M

3、编译安装nginx

#下载
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-0.8.54.tar.gz
tar -xzvf nginx-0.8.54.tar.gz

#安装相关包
sudo apt-get install libpcre3-dev libmhash-dev

#configure
./configure --user=www --group=www --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module
#make
make
#install
sudo make install
cd /usr/local/nginx
sudo chown -R www:www .

#配置nginx.conf
sudo vim conf/nginx.conf
#如下
user www www;
worker_processes  2;

error_log  /usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log;
pid        /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;

worker_rlimit_nofile 1048576;

events {
    use epoll;
    worker_connections  65535;
}

http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    sendfile        on;
    tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  60;

    #gzip
    gzip  on;
    gzip_min_length  1k;
    gzip_buffers        4 16k;
    gzip_http_version 1.0;
    gzip_comp_level 6;
    gzip_types  text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
    gzip_vary on;

    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  node11.coder4.com;
        root /usr/local/nginx/html;
        access_log  /usr/local/nginx/logs/node11.coder4.com.access.log  main;

        location / {
            index  index.php index.html index.htm;
        }

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        error_page  404              /404.html;
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        location ~ \.php$ {
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }

        #deny htaccess
        location ~ /\.ht {
            deny  all;
        }

        #ip
        location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ico)$ {
            expires      30d;
            access_log   off;
        }
    }
}

#配置fastcgi_params
sudo vim conf/fastcgi_params
#添加一行
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

2 thoughts on “Ubuntu 10.10上编译安装LNMP:Nginx 0.8.54+MySQL 5.1.56+PHP-FPM 5.3.6

  1. coder4Wang Jingfei

    悲惨到我在vps上编译php的时候,直接内存耗尽导致GCC崩溃,有没有什么解决方法呢?

    Reply
    1. coder4coder4 Post author

      你是不是make -j了?最好不要。。因为-j后内存/CPU消耗会非常大。

      Reply

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